The organic industry has been growing rapidly in recent years, with more and more consumers choosing organic products for their health and environmental benefits. However, this growth has also led to an increase in fraudulent activities, where non-organic products are being sold as organic. This not only deceives consumers but also undermines the integrity of the organic label.

To address these issues, the SOE rule has been put in place to ensure the integrity of organic products and maintain consumer trust. In this document, we will discuss what you need to know about the SOE rule, its key components, and how it affects the organic industry as a whole.

Overview of the SOE Rule

The SOE rule aims to enhance USDA’s oversight and enforcement capabilities to ensure that all organic products meet the strict standards set by the National Organic Program (NOP). This rule expands on the existing regulations and adds new requirements for certifying agents, certified operations, and importers.

Some of the key components of the SOE rule include:

  • Certifiers are now required to conduct annual inspections of at least 5% of their certified operations. This is to ensure that organic products are being produced and handled in compliance with the NOP standards.
  • Certifying agents must now annually report all certified operations, including any significant non-compliances found during inspections, to USDA. This will help USDA target their oversight efforts where they are needed most.
  • Certified operations are required to maintain records that demonstrate compliance with the NOP standards for at least 5 years. This will help certifiers verify compliance and allow for traceability in case of any issues.
  • Importers are now required to provide documentation of the organic integrity of their imported products, including certificates from the exporting country’s government agency or USDA-accredited certifying agent. This will ensure that organic products being imported into the U.S. meet the same standards as those produced domestically.

Overall, the SOE rule aims to strengthen the oversight and enforcement of organic products throughout their entire supply chain, from production to sale. This will not only protect consumers but also maintain a level playing field for all certified organic operations.

Impact on the Organic Industry

The SOE rule has been met with both criticism and support from various stakeholders in the organic industry. Some view it as necessary to maintain the integrity and credibility of the organic label, while others see it as overly burdensome for smaller certified operations.

One of the main concerns is the potential increase in costs for certifying agents and certified operations due to the additional requirements. This could make it more difficult for small-scale farmers and producers to become or remain certified organic, limiting the diversity of products available in the market.

On the other hand, supporters believe that the SOE rule will help level the playing field for all certified organic operations and prevent fraud. This could increase consumer confidence in organic products and lead to further growth in the industry.


The Strengthening Organic Enforcement (SOE) rule is an important step towards ensuring the integrity of organic products and maintaining consumer trust. As consumers continue to demand more transparency and accountability from the food industry, the SOE rule will play a crucial role in upholding the standards of organic production. With its implementation, we can expect to see a stronger and more reliable organic industry in the years to come.